• Sidra Kanwel Lecturer, Department of Law, University of Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan.
  • Nazia Ayub LLM. Scholar, Punjab University Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.


Accountability, Ethical Dilemma, F.I.R. Denial, Legal Implications, Police Refusal


The denial by police to record First Information Reports (F.I.R) presents a complex and multifaceted challenge within law enforcement's legal and ethical framework. This research article delves into the heart of this dilemma, exploring the legal implications, ethical considerations, and the broader impact of such refusals on the justice system and society at large. Through a comprehensive analysis of relevant case law, statutes, and ethical guidelines, this study examines the reasons behind police refusal to register F.I.Rs, the consequences of this practice, and the ensuing erosion of public trust in law enforcement agencies. The article also evaluates the potential remedies and policy changes necessary to address this issue effectively. By shedding light on the legal and ethical dimensions of F.I.R. denial by the police, this article aims to contribute to a deeper understanding of the challenges faced in ensuring accountability and transparency within the law enforcement system. It underscores the urgency of addressing this dilemma to uphold the principles of justice, fairness, and public confidence in the legal system.


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23 Eng Final July Dec 2023 Vol 03 Issue 02 Citation Page




How to Cite

Kanwel, S., & Ayub, N. (2023). F.I.R. DENIAL BY POLICE: A LEGAL AND ETHICAL DILEMMA. PAKISTAN ISLAMICUS (An International Journal of Islamic & Social Sciences), 3(2), 335–343. Retrieved from http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/70