PAKISTAN ISLAMICUS (An International Journal of Islamic & Social Sciences) http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home <p><a title="HEC Y Category" href="https://hjrs.hec.gov.pk/index.php?r=site%2Fresult&amp;id=1089473#journal_result" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HEC "<strong>Y</strong>" Category</a><br />PAKISTAN ISLAMICUS (An International Journal of Islamic &amp; Social Sciences) is a double-blind peer-reviewed scholarly journal in three languages: Arabic, Urdu, and English, published by the <a title="MIRC-PK" href="https://www.mircpk.net/about/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Muslim Intellectuals Research Center, Multan-Pakistan</a>. It is an Open-Access, Quarterly (from 01-July-2023), Peer-Reviewed Print and Online journal that has become a Multidisciplinary Academic Journal with an International Advisory Board representing various research fields. This journal is launched to promote the study of general areas of Islamic and Social Sciences (Miscellaneous).</p> en-US <p><strong>This work is licensed under a <a title="Creative Commons Attribution" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution </a></strong><a title="Creative Commons Attribution" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/"><strong style="font-size: 0.875rem;">4.</strong><strong style="font-size: 0.875rem;">0 International License.</strong></a></p> m.editor@pakistanislamicus.com (HAFIZ MUHAMMAD USMAN) info@pakistanislamicus.com (Abu Saad) Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.13 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 IMPACT OF INTERNET OF THINGS ON SUSTAINABLE SUPPLY CHAIN PERFORMANCE: THE EMPIRICAL PARALLEL MEDIATION MODELS http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/140 <p>Manufacturing companies in this era struggle to develop an integration mechanism for sustainability in the Pakistan context. Manufacturing firm performance highly depends upon integrating a digital supply chain to gain competitive advantages. Therefore, this present study shows the influence of the internet of things on sustainable supply chain performance in manufacturing organizations in Pakistan. Furthermore, The mediating roles of digital supply chain integration and competitive advantage between sustainable performance and internet of things. This study sample data is based on 369 respondents from manufacturing organizations in Pakistan. The study results showed that the Internet positively influences sustainable performance in manufacturing organizations in Pakistan. Furthermore, there are partial mediating roles of median digital integration and competitive advantage between the internet of things and sustainability. This study helps regulators and policymakers use the latest technologies for business growth.</p> Fahad Saddique, Kahlil Nasir Khan, Sher Zaman Joyia, Affia Jabeen Copyright (c) 2024 PAKISTAN ISLAMICUS (An International Journal of Islamic & Social Sciences) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/140 Thu, 18 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 EXAMINING RESTORATIVE JUSTICE: DIFFERENT APPROACHES IN ISLAMIC CUSTOMARY LAW AND INTERNATIONAL PRACTICES http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/132 <p>Restorative justice is a conflict resolution technique that strives to give satisfactory victim resolutions, encourage offender accountability, and address the social impact, thereby overcoming the deficiencies of the traditional criminal justice system by bringing together all the parties involved. This paper explores the concept and alignment of restorative principles as a dispute resolution approach within both Islamic and customary law, with an emphasis on traditional dispute resolution methods such as mediation, arbitration, and conciliation. The paper emphasizes the significance of community involvement in conflict resolution and the compatibility of informal community processes with broader legal systems. This study also emphasizes the potential for cultural sensitivity and preservation of indigenous practices through the integration of restorative justice approaches in customary law systems. It specifically highlights the incorporation of restorative justice principles and ADR mechanism in Pakistan's legal system and also focuses on the traditional dispute resolution practices such as jirga and panchayat in tribal areas of Pakistan. Through a thorough analysis of these ideas and procedures, this investigation aims to clarify the similarities, differences, and implementation of restorative justice strategies in these two unique legal frameworks. This study stresses the importance of restorative justice as a tool for promoting community healing and justice within Islamic and customary law followed by analysis and possible recommendations.</p> Sunbal Islam Chaudhary, Usman Asghar, Muhammad Afzal Copyright (c) 2024 PAKISTAN ISLAMICUS (An International Journal of Islamic & Social Sciences) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/132 Tue, 09 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 EFFECT OF CLASSROOM SEATING ARRANGEMENTS ON THE STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AT SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL IN THE SOUTHERN DISTRICTS OF KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA, PAKISTAN. http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/122 <p>This research article aims to investigate the effect of classroom seating arrangements on students' academic achievement at Secondary School level in the Southern districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The seating arrangement in a classroom can significantly influence students' engagement, interaction, and overall learning experience. Without proper classroom seating arrangement, the teaching-learning process is incomplete. The study was descriptive in nature. The population of the study consisted of all 10th grade students of Govt. High Schools in Southern districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Seven hundred respondents were selected as sample from the selected Govt. High Schools in Southern Districts. Respondents were selected by using a simple random sampling technique. Only 10th grade students from 12 schools six male and six female Govt. High Schools in Southern districts—with 348 male and 352 female students were included in this study. The purpose of the study was to determine how classroom seating arrangements affect Secondary School students' academic achievement in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa's southern regions. To facilitate the collection of respondents' responses, a self-made questionnaire was used to collect data. SPSS was used to appropriately analyze the data. The sample size was determined using the formula proposed by John Curry in 1984. For data analysis, percentage, frequency, and linear regression were employed. The results clearly demonstrate that classroom seating arrangements have a significant impact on students’ academic achievement.</p> Nasir Ali, Li Sen, Yan Li, Abdul Basit Khan, Tanveer Ahmad Copyright (c) 2024 PAKISTAN ISLAMICUS (An International Journal of Islamic & Social Sciences) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/122 Wed, 03 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 CONTENT ANALYSIS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF DIFFERENT GENRES OF PAKISTANI PODCASTS http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/127 <p>This study analyses the different genres of podcasts listened to and watched in Pakistan. The world of podcasts enables content producers to share what they have created and, through on-demand listening, could encourage vibrant communities. They still have an impact on stories and contemporary communication. Researchers are here tending to compare eight different genres of podcasts, i.e., comedy, music, sports, religion, technology, education, news, politics, and economy, with further different features of genre, i.e., language and tone, entertainment and fun, content focus, target audience and guest and host. Delving into the characteristics of each genre, including language and tone, entertainment and fun, content focus, target audience, and guest-host dynamics, this research aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the podcasting landscape. The technique that was used to gather the data involved listening to the podcast carefully, observing the characteristics of that genre, and then taking notes. This research employed both qualitative and quantitative analysis, implementing purposeful sampling to ensure a diverse representation of podcasts in Pakistan. Each podcast, with a duration of approximately 30 to 40 minutes, underwent content analysis. Within the article, the researchers have visually represented the viewership percentages of various podcast genres in Pakistan through an informative graph and explained how language and culture enhance the podcasting environment.</p> Hassam UL Haq, Anum Shahid, Fahad Abdullah, Iram Sagheer, Sabrina A Rasool Copyright (c) 2024 PAKISTAN ISLAMICUS (An International Journal of Islamic & Social Sciences) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/127 Thu, 04 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 PARTICIPATION IN LITERARY ACTIVITIES AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO STUDENTS' ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AT SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL. http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/131 <p>Literary activities play a vital role in students' comprehensive development by improving their language and communication skills, promoting cultural awareness, fostering critical thinking, and contributing to their academic achievement and personal development. This study aimed to investigate students participating in literary activities and its relationship to students’ academic achievement, and to find out the difference between the students’ academic achievement who participate in literary activities and who don’t not. The study was descriptive in nature. All Secondary school students in District Bannu, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan were the population of the study. Five hundred students were randomly selected. A self-designed questionnaire on a five-point Likert scale was used as an instrument for data collection. The researcher got the students' academic achievement records from the 9th class final board examination transcripts, which the District Bannu Board has recently issued. As descriptive statistics, the researcher used means, and stander deviation, while t-test, Pearson coefficient correlation was used to find out the relationship between students' academic achievement and their participation in literary activities. Results revealed that there is a positive relationship between literary activities and students’ academic achievement. Furthermore, the results show that there is a significant difference in the academic achievement of those students who participate and those who do not participate in literary activities. The difference is in the favor of those students who participate in literary activities.</p> Tanveer Ahmad, Dr Gulap Shahzada, Dr Javed Mustafa, Abdul Basit Khan, Nasir Ali Copyright (c) 2024 PAKISTAN ISLAMICUS (An International Journal of Islamic & Social Sciences) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/131 Sun, 07 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 PUBLIC-PRIVATE INVESTMENT SUSTENANCE: TIME SERIES EVIDENCE FROM EDUCATION SECTOR OF PAKISTAN http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/133 <p>This study relates with the government and private sector partnership in the education sector of Pakistan. For the analyses, the data ranging from 1980 to 2022 is relied upon. For the regression estimation, Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) approach is used. The explained variable is Government Education Expenditure (GED). The core explanatory variable is Private Education Expenditure (PED). The results show positive relationship between GED and PED. Therefore, as a policy recommendation, the verdict is to strengthen the bonding of public and private partnership especially in the education sector for the better interest of the aspirants of education in Pakistan.</p> Khawaja Asif Mehmood, Sonia Shahzadi, Muhammad Zahir Faridi, Muhammad Rizwan Khursheed Copyright (c) 2024 PAKISTAN ISLAMICUS (An International Journal of Islamic & Social Sciences) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/133 Fri, 12 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 SOVEREIGNTY V/S HUMAN RIGHTS: RECONCILING NATIONAL INTERESTS WITH INTERNATIONAL LEGAL OBLIGATIONS http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/136 <p>This article delves into the intricate balance between national sovereignty and the enforcement of international human rights obligations. It critically examines the tensions that arise when state interests and sovereignty clash with the mandates of international human rights law. Through a thorough analysis of key legal frameworks, case studies, and judicial decisions, the research illuminates how different countries navigate these conflicts. The article explores theoretical perspectives on sovereignty and human rights, evaluates the effectiveness of international oversight mechanisms, and assesses the role of global and regional human rights institutions. Additionally, it investigates the impact of political, cultural, and economic factors on states' compliance with international human rights norms. By offering a nuanced understanding of the reconciliation process between national interests and international obligations, this study aims to provide policymakers, legal practitioners, and scholars with insights into fostering a more coherent and just global human rights regime. The following article employs a qualitative research&nbsp;methodology.</p> Urooj Bashir, Syeda Mina Faisal, Dr Ishaq Ahmad Copyright (c) 2024 PAKISTAN ISLAMICUS (An International Journal of Islamic & Social Sciences) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/136 Sun, 14 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 کیتھ میسی کا حروف مقطعات کے بارے میں نظریہ اور اسلامی روایت: تجزیاتی مطالعہ http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/117 <p>Orientalists have also presented their theories and ideas regarding the mysterious letters of the Quran. These theories encompass diverse viewpoints. According to some, these are ancient names of the chapters of the Quran. Some consider them as symbols indicating the central themes of the chapters. Others take them as references to individuals who were associated with these chapters. This article takes Keith Massey's theory on disjointed letters as the subject of investigation. According to him, the mysterious letters always appear in a specific order. Upon examining the thirteen different disjointed letter combinations found in the Quran, which are present in eleven different chapters, it becomes evident that the presence of letters in these combinations is neither random nor irregular. These letters are actually abbreviations of the names of individuals whom the writers of the Quran have taken the material. The categorisation of individuals' names could be for any reason, and then these individuals were ranked according to their importance, resulting in these disjointed letters appearing in a specific order and creating a certain structure and regularity.Keith Massey Orientalist</p> Dr Sumera Rabia, Sadia Arif, Sadaf Siraj Copyright (c) 2024 PAKISTAN ISLAMICUS (An International Journal of Islamic & Social Sciences) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/117 Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 سیرت نویسی میں قاضی عبد الدائم کے اختیارات: ایک تحقیقی مطالعہ http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/121 <p>Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has been mentioned in the Holy Quran as a role model for all mankind. Therefore, every aspect of his biography needed to be preserved. So, just as the Muslims collected the Holy Qur'an with full authenticity, in the same way, they also preserved the hadiths and biographies of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). This task of protecting the hadith and Sunan was done with great zeal. Still, when the stage of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) biography came to be written in historical and chronological order, the standard of caution could not be maintained. Here, we feel the difference between “Muhadiseen” and “Muarrikheen” in terms of the quality of literature. The effects of this difference can be seen in several places in Muslim literature. Some of such influences are found in the books of <em>"Sirah”</em> because the differences in narration have always influenced the ultimate opinion of every Sirah writer. Authentic, approved, weak, and fabricated narrations are found to be contrary and contradictory to each other. Therefore, differences are also found in the traditions related to the characteristics of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) apart from his life at Makkah and Madinah. When any biographer sees the difference or diversity of these traditions, he is supposed to choose or prefer one of them through the application of particular logic or preference based on an unambiguous principle. The position has to be adopted by every biographer of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). <em>Qazi Abdul Daim</em>, the writer of the presidential award-winning book “Sayyed-ul-Waraa,” has adopted both approaches in his book. In this article, he has been taken into consideration in this regard.</p> Rukhsana Tabassam, Dr Faridah Yousuf Copyright (c) 2024 PAKISTAN ISLAMICUS (An International Journal of Islamic & Social Sciences) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/121 Tue, 02 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 معاصر عائلی مسائل کے عوامل و اثرات اور تدارک: شریعت اسلامیہ کے تناظر میں پاکستانی سماج کا مطالعہ http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/135 <p>The people of the present era have accumulated the comforts of life, yet every individual is still plagued by various problems and anxieties. One significant reason for this is the destabilization of the fundamental unit of society, the "family system," from its roots. Regardless of where a person resides in the world, their center and focal point are naturally their home and family. Among the various institutions of the state, the family is the primary and foundational institution. It plays a vital role in the education and upbringing of future generations. The high and stable moral values of a family contribute significantly to the social stability and development. That is, the strength of society and the stability of the family are based on individual upbringing within the household. In the present age, where humanity is witnessing a decline in ethical and social values, the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) are needed for the resolution of many issues. Similarly, the reform of the family system holds the same importance in the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) as a guiding light. This is the remedy that encompasses the solution to every ailment.</p> <p>The foundation of Pakistan's family system is based on our religion and historical heritage. Several factors contribute to the construction of our family system, including regional, economic, cultural, and historical traditions, which hold significant importance. However, it is also a reality that many factors and catalysts continuously impact the structure and functions of the family system over time, leading to changes and transformations within family institutions.</p> <p>The article titled <strong>Factors and Effects of Contemporary Family Issues and their Remedies: A Study of Pakistani Society in the Context of Islamic Shariah</strong> explores the causes, factors, and catalysts contributing to the disruption of the family system in contemporary life. It also suggests remedies for addressing these issues in light of Islamic Shariah, aiming to establish a strong and exemplary society by implementing key recommendations.</p> Dr Irfan Jafar, Hafiz Muhammad Usman, Asia Parveen Copyright (c) 2024 PAKISTAN ISLAMICUS (An International Journal of Islamic & Social Sciences) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/135 Fri, 05 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 تصوف و سلوک میں نسبت ِرسالت مآب ﷺ کی اہمیت اور اثرات :تحقیقی مطالعہ http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/138 <p>This article delves into the core tenets and objectives of Sufism, drawing from the perspectives of renowned classical and contemporary scholars. The significance of the article lies in the fact that it elucidates the multifaceted meanings of Sufism, through an examination of classical texts and scholarly interpretations, ranging from the purification of the inner being to the attainment of spiritual virtues while forsaking reprehensible attributes.</p> <p>The central theme of Sufism is that it is inherently intertwined with the purification of souls, with its essence deeply rooted in the adherence to the teachings of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). The discourse emphasizes that authentic Sufism is characterized by a profound connection to the Prophet, serving as a conduit for spiritual elevation and divine proximity. The article provides Insights from luminaries such as Data Ganj Bakhsh, Imam Ghazali, and Allama Iqbal contributing to a comprehensive understanding of Sufism's significance and relevance across centuries. Furthermore, the article underscores Sufism's overarching objective of fostering a society grounded in piety, morality, and adherence to the teachings of Islam. It delineates Sufism's role in promoting Jihad, not in the conventional sense of armed conflict, but as a relentless pursuit of spiritual excellence and the dissemination of religious teachings.</p> Dr Saeed Ahmad Saeedi, Hafiz Ghulam Yasin Copyright (c) 2024 PAKISTAN ISLAMICUS (An International Journal of Islamic & Social Sciences) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/138 Mon, 08 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 قيام الدولة الإسلامية المستدامة في شبه القارة الهندية وتطور العلوم والفنون؛ دراسة نقدية http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/125 <p>This paper provides a critical historical overview of the emergence and consolidation of Islamic governance in the Sind region, focusing on the intricate relationship between political authority and scholarly activities during various periods. It examines the period when the Caliphate's central authority struggled to maintain control over distant territories like Sind, which often served as a battleground for internal tribal conflicts. Despite the deployment of governors from the Caliphate, such as Haroon ibn Abi Khalid Al-Marwazi, local governance under figures like Omar bin Abdul Aziz Al-Hibarari gained a degree of autonomy strong enough to challenge the Caliphate's direct influence. The study traces the establishment of the first independent Islamic state in the region under Al-Hibarari's leadership, highlighting how his rule paved the way for significant advancements in administration, the sciences, and arts. This period also saw the proliferation of Islamic scholarship, with the region becoming a fertile ground for intellectual and theological discourse. Key historical texts by scholars like Al-Ya'qubi and Al-Masudi provide insights into the governance practices and cultural contributions of these early Islamic rulers in Sind. Furthermore, the paper discusses the shifts in religious and scholarly orientations over time, with particular attention to the transition from Sunni to Shia (specifically Ismaili) dominance under different rulers. This change significantly influenced the theological and educational landscape of the region, contributing to a diverse scholarly tradition that encompassed various Islamic sects and schools of thought. The establishment of educational institutions and the role of prominent scholars in promoting Islamic sciences, including jurisprudence and theology, are also examined. This analysis underscores the interconnectedness of political stability and intellectual vitality, illustrating how governance in Sind evolved in tandem with scholarly endeavors that helped disseminate and entrench Islamic teachings in the Indian subcontinent. The paper concludes by reflecting on the enduring impact of these developments on the regional history of Islam and its scholarship.</p> Dr Hafiz Ahmed Saeed Rana, Muhammad Sohail Copyright (c) 2024 PAKISTAN ISLAMICUS (An International Journal of Islamic & Social Sciences) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/125 Sun, 07 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000