• Dr Faisal Hanif Assistant Professor, Higher Education Department Punjab, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Naeem Faculty Member, ICMA, Pakistan.
  • Aamer Aziz Lecturer in English, Superior College, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.
  • Rahat Chaudhary Lecturer English, University of Education Lahore, Multan Campus, Punjab, Pakistan.


Affective Strategies, Foreign Language Anxiety, Learning English Language


This study aims to examine the link between anxiety in the foreign language classroom and productive strategies used by graduate-level students in the Pakistani context. The instruments used for this research consist of FLCAS prepared by Horwitz (1986) and SILL refined by Oxford (1990). The study involves 116 participants who are currently enrolled in graduation-level programs at a private college in Multan, Pakistan. The findings of this research indicate that 60% of learners are active users of these affective strategies, with a mean score of 18.64 out of a total score of 30. The higher levels of use of affective strategies are found to be related to lower levels of English language anxiety, although insignificantly. Moreover, female participants (mean score = 19.34) were found to use affective strategies more than their male counterparts. (mean score = 17.44). A negative relationship is also observed between FLCA and affective strategies used by the students at graduation level programs in Pakistan.

Author Biography

Muhammad Naeem, Faculty Member, ICMA, Pakistan.

Lecturer English, Admire College of Science and Commerce, Multan, 

Faculty Member, ICMA, Pakistan


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21 Eng Final July Dec 2023 Vol 03 Issue 02 Citation Page




How to Cite

Hanif, D. F., Naeem, M. N., Aziz, A., & Chaudhary, R. (2023). RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FOREIGN LANGUAGE CLASSROOM ANXIETY AND AFFECTIVE STRATEGIES USED BY LEARNERS AT THE UNIVERSITY LEVEL IN PAKISTAN. PAKISTAN ISLAMICUS (An International Journal of Islamic & Social Sciences), 3(2), 299–309. Retrieved from