• Jahan Bakht Department of Political Science, Lahore College for Women University, Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Maleeka Zafar Department of Political Science, Lahore College for Women University, Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Tariq Department of Political Science, The Islamia University Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.


Hybrid Warfare, Socio-Political Norms, CPEC, Nation, Global, Challenges


The geo-strategic positioning of nations holds a profound influence on their identity, foreign relations, and overall development trajectory. Pakistan, situated at the confluence of South Asia, Central Asia, and the Middle East, occupies a pivotal geo-strategic crossroads. This unique positioning has rippled effects that permeate the core ethos of the country. This paper delves into the untwined nature of Pakistan's geo-strategic position and its far-reaching implications. Pakistan's geo-strategic significance emanates from its proximity to major regional players and crucial sea routes. This positioning, while offering opportunities, subjects the nation to regional conflicts and power dynamics. It has molded foreign relations, notably with India, and underscored security imperatives, particularly in light of the War on Terror and the volatile situation in Afghanistan. Economically, Pakistan's untwined geo-strategic location holds promise through initiatives like the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). However, it also poses challenges concerning border security and trade routes. Moreover, the cultural and identity complexities of Pakistan are influenced by its geo-strategic position, contributing to debates on national cohesion and diversity management. Internally, the impacts of Pakistan's geo-strategic position are keenly felt. Balancing the interests of diverse ethnic, religious, and political groups poses a governance challenge amidst regional conflicts. As the country charts its course, understanding its geo-strategic dynamics becomes paramount in crafting policies that align with its identity and aspirations. In conclusion, Pakistan's untwined geo-strategic position generates ripples that extend across various dimensions of its existence. Acknowledging this influence empowers the nation to navigate regional complexities and global challenges while preserving its core values and ethics.


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17 Eng Final July Dec 2023 Vol 03 Issue 02 Citation Page




How to Cite

Bakht, J., Zafar, M., & Tariq, M. (2023). HYBRID WARFARE CREATING TIERS IN PAKISTANI CULTURE AND SOCIO-POLITICAL NORMS DURING 2010-2020. PAKISTAN ISLAMICUS (An International Journal of Islamic & Social Sciences), 3(2), 245–255. Retrieved from http://pakistanislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/56