• Said Ali School of International and Public Affairs
  • Muhammad Hamza Zakir LLM
  • Muhammad Arif MPhil Scholar, International Relations, AWKUM, KPK, Pakistan.
  • Syed Hammad Advocate, District Courts Mardan, KPK, Pakistan.


CPEC, Sovereignty Dilemma, Prosperity, Autonomy, Exploratory Study


The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) stands as a monumental endeavour within the matrix of infrastructural projects, connecting China's Xinjiang region to Pakistan's Gwadar port. While the economic ramifications and potential benefits of CPEC are extensively studied, its intricate ties with the concept of state sovereignty remain in the shadows of academic discourse. This research paper aims to unravel the multifaceted relationship between CPEC and the sovereignty of participating states, primarily Pakistan. With an intertwined web of economic dependence, potential military and security concerns, infrastructure ownership ambiguities, and the looming specter of debt diplomacy, CPEC presents a complex paradigm that challenges traditional notions of state sovereignty. Furthermore, within the broader tapestry of regional geopolitics, CPEC holds profound implications for surrounding nations, especially within the context of the India-Pakistan-China trilateral dynamics. By dissecting these dimensions, this paper seeks to provide a comprehensive understanding of how mega infrastructure projects like CPEC shape, redefine, and, at times, challenge the very tenets of state sovereignty in the contemporary geopolitical landscape.


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29 Eng Final July Dec 2023 Vol 03 Issue 02 Citation Page




How to Cite

Ali, S., Zakir, M. H., Arif, M., & Hammad, S. (2023). THE CPEC-SOVEREIGNTY DILEMMA BETWEEN PROSPERITY AND AUTONOMY: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY. PAKISTAN ISLAMICUS (An International Journal of Islamic & Social Sciences), 3(2), 442–459. Retrieved from